Rabbinic Law in its Roman and Near Eastern Context
The articles collected here offer a new interdisciplinary approach to ancient Jewish and non-Jewish legal traditions. Based on a combination of literary and documentary evidence, they investigate the multicultural context in which ancient legal traditions and corpora developed and help to understand legal development on the background of the social, economic, and political situation in Roman Palestine and Babylonia.
Ancient Palestinian and Babylonian rabbinic literature developed in a context of constant exposure to and challenge by the dominant Graeco- Roman and Babylonian cultures. Rabbinic legal thinking is unlikely to have constituted an exception in this regard. Yet the positivistic search for influences is increasingly seen as inappropriate in recent scholarship. What is much more important is to investigate the ways in which rabbinic legal thinking participated in ancient Graeco-Roman and Near Eastern legal thinking, to determine which legal topics and forms were shared, where similar conclusions were reached, and where differences can be discerned. In this way the boundaries between ancient Jewish and non- Jewish legal traditions become increasingly blurred.
The contributions to this volume, which is the outcome of an interdisciplinary conference held at Trinity College Dublin in March 2002, address a variety of issues. Both internal and external aspects of legal texts are investigated, documentary texts are discussed alongside literary texts, and the Graeco-Roman context of Palestinian legal traditions is supplemented by the Sasanian context of Babylonian halakhah. In addition, the general legal situation in the Roman Empire at large and Roman Palestine in particular is elucidated.
Das Rabbinische Recht in seinem römischen und nahöstlichen Kontext.
Die in diesem Band veröffentlichten Beiträge vermitteln einen interdisziplinären Zugang zum griechischrömischen und sasanidischen Kontext der rabbinischen Halakhah. Die Autoren untersuchen die Kontextverbundenheit antiken rabbinischen Rechtsdenkens und tragen somit zum Verständnis interkultureller Beziehungen und Zusammenhänge in der Antike bei.