Love's Transcendence and the Problem of Theodicy
Claudia Welz explores responses to the problem of evil that do not end up in a rational defense of God. How can we deal with 'the wound of negativity?' Kierkegaard's and Rosenzweig's reasons for having no reason to defend God and their ethics of love are discussed in the double context of German idealism and French phenomenology. They follow Kant's practical turn of the problem of theodicy, oppose Hegel's theodicy through history and can contribute to the current debates on 'metaphysics of presence' and 'onto-theology' - debates dealing with the limits of Husserl's and Heidegger's phenomenology. In dialogue with Levinas, the (non)phenomenal presence of God's love is in question, in dialogue with Derrida God's presence as a gift, and in dialogue with Marion the gift of God's presence as a self-giving phenomenon. In conclusion to these discussions, theology is developed as semiotic phenomenology of the Invisible.