The End of Deuteronomy in the Epistles of Paul
Guy Waters examines Paul's explicit quotations of Deut 27-30, 32, as well as his "explicit, verbal references" of Deuteronomy. He investigates whether these quotations and references evidence any particular pattern of reading, and what relationship Paul's readings bear to contemporary Second Temple Jewish readings of these chapters of Deuteronomy. He also analyzes the relationship to other early Christian readings of Scripture, and to Paul's self-conception as apostle to the Gentiles. The author concludes that Paul, outside Romans, understood both Deut 27-30 and Deut 32 as distinct units within Deuteronomy. He suggests that the reading of Scripture was constituent not only to Paul's identity as apostle to the Gentiles but also to his apostolic labors in training his Gentile churches.