With a long practice of organ transplantation, retransplantation has become a major goal in patients with long-term failure of their first transplant (chronic rejection, exhaustion of the transplant, recurrence of the initial disease, etc. ). In addition, retransplantation can be necessary in the initial period, due to severe acute rejection, a non-functioning organ, or surgical complication. Immunological and non-immunological factors affecting the success of a second transplant are described in this volume, together with alternatives to retransplantation. It is hoped that in the future retransplants will be less frequent, as a result of improved prevention of transplant failure. J. L. Torrroine et a/. (ens. ), Retra~isplantation, xvii. Q 1997 Kluwer Academic Pirblislters. P~. iilted in Great Britain. List of contributors R. ARNOLD Y. W. CHO University of Pittsburgh UCLA School of Medicine Center for Medical Ethics Tissue Typing Laboratory Division of General Internal Medicine 950 Veteran Avenue 200 Lothrop Street - MUH, Suite W-919 Los Angeles, CA 90095-1652 Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2582 USA USA P. COCHAT M. A. BELGER Hopital Edouard Herriot UKTSSA Pavillon S Fox Den Road 5, Place d'Arsonva1 Stoke Gifford F-69437 Lyon Cedex 3 Bristol BS12 5RR France UK B. CUZIN F. BERTHOUX Hopital Edouard Herriot Service de Nephrologie et Pavillon V Transplantation Renale 5, Place d3Arsonval Hopital Nord F-69437 Lyon Cedex 3 F-42055 Saint Etienne Cedex 2 France France J. H. DAUBER C.