Desertification in the Mediterranean Region. A Security Issue
Desertification in the Mediterranean Region: a Security Issue 1 2 William G. Kepner & José Luis Rubio 1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, P.O. Box 93478, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, 89193-3478 (email@example.com) 2. Centro de Investigaciones sobre Desertificacion-CIDE, (CSIC, Universitat de Valencia, Generalitat Valenciana),Cami de la Marjal, s/n Apartado Oficial, 46470 Albal, Valencia, Spain (firstname.lastname@example.org) Security issues related to desertification in the Mediterranean Region were the subject of a special NATO workshop held on 2-5 December 2003 at the Museum of Sciences Principe Felipe in Valencia, Spain. This workshop was organized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (Las Vegas, Nevada, USA), Centre for Desertification Research (Valencia, Spain), and the Desert Research Institute (Reno, Nevada, USA) on behalf of the NATO Science Committee and the NATO Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society (Public Diplomacy Division). Additionally, the European Society for Soil Conservation participated as a collaborating institution. Other participating institutions included the Spanish Ministry of Environment, Generalitat Valencia (Department of Territory and Housing), the Secretariat of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification and the City of Art & Sciences of Valencia which hosted the Meeting.
Contemporary, i.e. reviews desertification, a worldwide phenomenon of cultural, political, social, economic, and environmental importance affecting one-third of the Earth’s surface area and about one-fifth of the human population of the worldProvocative, i.e. opens discussion on a newly emerging concept which seeks to link environmental condition to an evolving definition of security in an attempt to explore likely impacts on the social, economical, and political dimensions of human society throughout the Mediterranean RegionMulti-disciplinary, i.e. includes government diplomats, security specialists, physical and social scientists interested in environmental securityMulti-lateral, i.e. includes participants from the Middle East, North Africa, Europe, and North AmericaComprehensive, i.e. examines environmental and social issues connected to the issue of desertification throughout both the north and south Mediterranean Region