High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ' 07
Again, the last year has been very successful for high performance computing in Baden-Württemberg and beyond. The NEC SX-8 vector supercomputer is highlyutilizedandhasbeenverysuccessfullyusedbymanyscienti?cprojects. In February 2007, the new “Landes-Höchstleistungsrechner HP XC4000” has been inaugurated at the SSC in Karlsruhe. This massively parallel high p- formance system complex, built from hundreds of Intel Itanium processors and more than three thousand AMD Opteron cores, has helped in doing - ditional science on a very high level. Nevertheless, the time has already come to start thinking about the next follow-up system in future. The discussions and plans on all scienti?c, advisory, and political levels to realize an even larger “European Supercomputer” in Germany, where the hardware costs alone will be around 200 Million Euro, are getting closer to realization. There are many good reasons to invest in such a program - cause – beyond the infrastructure – such a scienti?c research tool will attract the best brains to tackle the problems related to the software and meth- ology challenges. As part of the strategy, the three national supercomputing centres HLRS (Stuttgart), NIC/JSC (Jülich) and LRZ (Munich) have formed the Gauss-Centre for Supercomputing (GCS) as a new virtual organization enabled by an agreement between the Federal Ministry of Education and - search (BMBF) and the state ministries for research of Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, and Nordrhein-Westfalen from July 2006. Already today, the GCS providesthe mostpowerfulhigh-performancecomputinginfrastructurein- rope.