The Shaping of Arithmetic after C.F. Gauss's Disquisitiones Arithmeticae
In 1998, the editors convinced themselves that it was the right time to take stock of recent research concerning the modern history of number theory, and to evaluate in its light our comprehension of the development of this discipline as a whole. One issue at stake was to bring together historiographical results coming from different disciplines and linguistic domains which, we felt, had remained too often unaware of each other. We organized two meetings at theMathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberw- fach: ?rstasmallRIP-workshopheldJune14–19,1999,amonghistoriansofnumber theoryandhistoriansofrelatedtopics, andthenalargerconferencewhichtookplace June 17–23, 2001, two hundred years after the publication of Carl Friedrich Gauss’s DisquisitionesArithmeticae. Thelatterbroughttogetherhistoriansandphilosophers of mathematics with number theorists interested in the recent history of their ?eld. Two further meetings, organized by one of us in Vienna and Zürich the following years, continued our venture. Two concrete projects arose from these activities. One concerned the creation of resources, for scholars and students: we initiated a bibliography of secondary 1 literature on the History of Number Theory since 1800.
Assesses the impact of the Disquisitiones, in the 200 years since its publicationFocuses on responses of specific mathematiciansExplores the influence of the Disquisitiones as a source of mathematical inspirationContributors include mathematicians, historians, philosophers