L'ouverture de la vision
Seeing as a paradigm of philosophical consideration is present throughout the whole history of philosophy from Plato to Husserl. Phenomenology, as a method for the radical formulation of questions, recognises in seeing (theorein) the nature of experience in all its conditions. This paradigm is radically altered when, with the Renaissance and Descartes, seeing becomes associated with the egology of the cogitatio. This perspectivistic egology of seeing forms the foundation of metaphysics and leads ontology towards the objectum purum et simplex. Kant’s transcendental philosophy proves to be the essential opening for the theory of subjectivity, leading it to a “phenomenological” problematisation of the complexity of appearances. With Kant, and in particular with the “implicit phenomenology” of the theory of representation, a non-metaphysical means of regarding appearance as such is developed. The proliferation of schemata as methods of representation also pluralises the forms of objectivity and once more sets theorein - as a fundamental problem - in its “state of openness”.