The Teleological Ethics of Fakhr al-Din al-Razi
Using the most extensive collection hitherto of his published and unpublished writings, this volume provides a comprehensive, in-depth and interdisciplinary study of the ethical philosophy of al-Razi (1149–1210), a most outstanding and influential medieval philosopher-theologian.
A complex picture emerges, across his philosophical, theological, ethical and juristic works, of a consistent and multi-layered ethical theory. Al-Razi departs from classical Ash‘ari divine command ethics to develop both a consequentialist ethics of action, which seriously rivals Mu‘tazili deontological ethics, and a perfectionist ethics of character. Within the latter framework, he sets out his later, teleological theory of prophecy.
The volume includes the text, published for the first time, of one of al-Razi's latest and most fascinating works, Censure of the Pleasures of This World, which expresses pronounced moral and epistemological pessimism.