Views into the Chinese Room
The most famous challenge to the aims of cognitive science and artificial intelligence is the philosopher John Searle's 1980 'Chinese Room' argument. Searle argued that the fact that machines can be devised to respond to input with the same output that a mind would give does not mean that mind and machine are doing the same thing: for the latter lacks understanding. Nineteen specially written essays by leading scientists and philosophers assess, renew, and respond
to this crucial challenge—fascinating reading for anyone interested in minds and computers.