k-Schur Functions and Affine Schubert Calculus
This book gives an introduction to the very active field of combinatorics of affine Schubert calculus, explains the current state of the art, and states the current open problems. Affine Schubert calculus lies at the crossroads of combinatorics, geometry, and representation theory. Its modern development is motivated by two seemingly unrelated directions. One is the introduction of k-Schur functions in the study of Macdonald polynomial positivity, a mostly combinatorial branch of symmetric function theory. The other direction is the study of the Schubert bases of the (co)homology of the affine Grassmannian, an algebro-topological formulation of a problem in enumerative geometry.
This is the first introductory text on this subject. It contains many examples in Sage, a free open source general purpose mathematical software system, to entice the reader to investigate the open problems. This book is written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as researchers, who want to become familiar with this fascinating new field.
Summarizes the current state in an active area of research and outlines the open research questions which motivate the subjectDemonstrates calculations using the software package Sage so that readers can more easily experiment and develop conjectures themselvesContains examples and exercises, among other introductory material, to assist advanced undergraduates and graduate students in getting started in the area