Arctic Marine Governance
The Arctic region plays an important role in regulating the world’s climate and is also highly impacted by climate change, with average temperatures rising almost twice as fast as the rest of the world and sea ice melting much faster than previously predicted. These rapid changes will have significant impacts on human activity in the region and on the Arctic marine environment.
This book draws on the results of the 2008-2009 Arctic TRANSFORM project, funded by the European Commission‘s Directorate General of External Relations, which engaged experts in a transatlantic discussion on the roles of the European Union and United States in light of the Arctic’s changing climate and political and legal complexities. The book addresses the significant changes and developments in the marine Arctic, with descriptions and recommendations reflecting the current governance environment. A comprehensive overview of environmental governance and sustainable development in the Arctic is created. Chapters explore impacts and activities by sector, looking at fisheries, shipping, and offshore hydrocarbon in the Arctic, and at policy options and strategies for improving marine governance in the region. A particular focus is given to the roles of the European Union and United States and opportunities for cooperation to enhance Arctic environmental governance.
Accessible portrait of the Arctic, and the impacts of current and foreseeable human activity in the region Snapshot of relations and cooperation among the Arctic states at the dawn of the Arctic millennium Role and responsibility of the European Union as a group of largely non-Arctic states in the Arctic Role and responsibility of the United States in the Arctic and its engagement with regional fora Overview of governance structures for environmental management and resource exploitation Analysis by sector provides readers with a comprehensive environmental, social, and economic overview Focus on policy explores potential options to protect the Arctic environment