Fire Behavior and Fire Protection in Timber Buildings
This volume describes fire behavior and fire protection of timbers in outdoors and indoors application mainly in construction industry. The Authors’ novel approach considers the relationship between various species and age of timbers and its fire behavior at different thermal and fire loads. Quantitative data of ignition speed and flame propagation as well as generation of heat, smoke and toxic products are discussed. Analysis of fire resistance of various types of building materials based on timber of different species as well as the novel data on the effect of natural and accelerated aging of timbers on its fire behavior are discussed. The main practical methods of fire protection of new and ancient timber buildings and structures to increase its fire resistance are considered. The book should be useful for a wide range of readers: chemists, physicists, material scientists, architects, engineers, constructors and restorers.
Natural wood is considered as a natural composite material and it fire behavior and fire resistance depends simultaneously both on physical structure (morphology) and specificity of chemical structure of various wood species and age.The main experimental data on fire behavior and engineering recommendations on fire resistance of building constructions summarize the authors’ results developed at State Fire Academy, Moscow, RussiaAnother unique point on the book is its practical content, one of the most important practical developments of authors’ approach is ability to predict the behavior and longevity of real building structures and constructions at fireFor the first time data has been presented on how the age of natural wood of various species (both very old and fresh wood) affects fire behaviorThe very novel industrial technology has been developed to considerably improve fire safety of building constructions based on natural wood using the intumescing (self-foaming) organic coatings which do not contain common fire retardant elementsWide range of readers and users: students, researchers, engineers, constructors, architects and restorersThe book is divided on purpose in three parts and each group of readers can find useful information according to their specific interestsIn many aspects the proposed book can be characterized as a short but condensed encyclopedia on fire behavior and fire resistant of natural wood