Temperature- and Supply Voltage-Independent Time References for Wireless Sensor Networks
This book investigates the possible circuit solutions to overcome the temperature and supply voltage-sensitivity of fully-integrated time references for ultra-low-power communication in wireless sensor networks. The authors provide an elaborate theoretical introduction and literature study to enable full understanding of the design challenges and shortcomings of current oscillator implementations. Furthermore, a closer look to the short-term as well as the long-term frequency stability of integrated oscillators is taken. Next, a design strategy is developed and applied to 5 different oscillator topologies and 1 sensor interface. All 6 implementations are subject to an elaborate study of frequency stability, phase noise and power consumption. In the final chapter all blocks are compared to the state of the art.
To provide a comprehensive overview of timing issues and solutions in wireless sensor networksTo gain understanding of all underlying mechanisms by starting from the oscillator basicsTo provide and demonstrate a design strategy by describing the development of 6 state of the art process-, temperature- and supply voltage- independent building blocks and discussing the design trade-offsTo demonstrate the reliability and functionality of the developed building blocks by integrating them in a complete, autonomous, flexible wireless tagTo be a reference work for beginners as well as more experienced oscillator and ultra-low-power circuit design engineers