Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention
In the fourth decade of the HIV epidemic, the signs are both encouraging and alarming: fewer people are dying, and more people are living longer with the help of powerful antivirals, yet many areas of the world are seeing new cases on the rise.
Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention reports on successful HIV prevention initiatives from across the globe, representing countries in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas at diverse stages of the epidemic. Spotlighting major worldwide objectives--decreasing risks in IV drug use, commercial sex work, and non-commercial sexual activity and promoting HIV screening, voluntary counseling and testing (VCT), and antiretroviral therapy--these rigorously evaluated interventions are analyzed at individual and community levels. Chapters discuss issues regarding availability and accessibility of resources and populations' receptivity to change. And the authors examine related ethical challenges, including whether interventions should also target larger problems fueling the epidemic such as poverty and inequality. Among the programs featured:
- U.S.: Legal access to needles and syringes.
- China: Needle social marketing.
- Tanzania: Go with the Times, a radio soap opera.
- Dominican Republic: Compromiso Collectivo for female sex workers.
- France: Prenatal HIV screening.
- South Africa: Drama-based intervention to promote VCT.
These life-saving initiatives are worthy of wider recognition, making Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention a superior reference for graduate students and researchers in public health, HIV/AIDS prevention, and health policy. Policymakers and planners will also find these ideas of great importance.
Comprehensive resource of structural intervention case studies from around the world Emphasis is on adapting evidence-based interventions to save time and money, while increasing the likelihood of successful outcomes Includes online supplementary materials