Nanoscience and Engineering in Superconductivity
For emerging energy saving technologies superconducting materials with superior performance are needed. Such materials can be developed by manipulating the "elementary building blocks" through nanostructuring. For superconductivity the "elementary blocks" are Cooper pair and fluxon (vortex). This book presents new ways how to modify superconductivity and vortex matter through nanostructuring and the use of nanoscale magnetic templates. The basic nano-effects, vortex and vortex-antivortex patterns, vortex dynamics, Josephson phenomena, critical currents, and interplay between superconductivity and ferromagnetism at the nanoscale are discussed.
Potential applications of nanostructured superconductors are also presented in the book.
Presents nano-effects in superconductivityDiscusses nanoengineered pinning centers and nanoscale magnetic templates Presents Vortex ratchets and guided vortex motionAnalyzes Nanoscale modulation of high-Tc superconductors Presents interaction between ferromagnetism and superconductivity Features novel vortex and vortex-antivortex patternsDiscusses Josephson junctions in various geometries Displays engineering applications of nano-superconductors