The Transformation of Vocational Education and Training (VET) in the Baltic States - Survey of Reforms and Developments
The enlargement of the European Union and issues related to it are a central aspect of European policy. The challenges faced are diverse and immense. The development of Vocational Education and Training (VET) is a major concern of the Lisbon strategy for making Europe a prosperous place in which to live and work in the 21st century. Since the Lisbon Council met in 2000, the development of VET has been very high on European policy agendas. It has been agreed to step up European co-operation in this area. This process began with the Copenhagen Declaration in2002.ThenewestmemberstatesoftheEU—amongthemtheBalticstates— are now involved in this Copenhagen process and are a source of enormous (human) potential that can greatly enrich Europe. TheconceptoftheEUVETpolicyisoutlinedinthe?rstchapterofthisp- lication. Chapters two and three form the core of the publication and describe the characteristics of VET systems, VET programmes, and approaches to VET teacher training in the Baltic states. Chapter four expands this perspective and illustrates aspects of internationalisation in higher education. In particular, a joint degree programme to qualify VET staff is detailed. The internationali- tion of degree programmes is a serious challenge for university faculties. The global dimension in teaching international degree programmes is discussed in the ?nal part of this book.
A unique and instructive comparative analysis in of VET and VET reform in a number of different countriesSheds light on the recovery of the educational systems of former Soviet domination lands