Cycle Management in the Raw Materials Industry
The contributions in this volume deal with the cycle management of raw materials in the raw materials industry and the recycling of lead-zinc, aluminum and copper and the re-use and recycling of slags. Besides technical question, legal considerations arising from legislation of recycling and cycle management are addressed. The ultimate goal of applying cycle management techniques is to minimize the environmental impact of the production of mineral raw materials and their processing and to exploit resources to their fullest. This is possible by for example: increasing raw material yield during production and processing, minimizing the amount of energy necessary for production and processing, increasing the percentage of recylced raw materials from secondary raw materials avoiding the use, or substituting problematic (e.g. poisonous) materials entirely in industrial production, and finally implementing environmentally sound disposal procedures for various raw materials. The basis of successful cycle management of raw materials is to consider and optimize the complete production cycle from its production, through industrial application up to the disposal of these materials after their usefulness has come to an end.