Adaptive wavelet frame methods for nonlinear elliptic problems
Over the last ten years, adaptive wavelet methods have turned out to be a powerful tool in the numerical treatment of operator equations given on a bounded domain or closed manifold. In this work, we consider semi-nonlinear operator equations, including an elliptic linear operator as well as a nonlinear monotone one. Since the classical approach to construct a wavelet Riesz basis for the solution space is still afflicted with some notable problems, we use the weaker concept of wavelet frames to design an adaptive algorithm for the numerical solution of problems of this type.
Choosing an appropriate overlapping decomposition of the given domain, a suitable frame system can be constructed easily. Applying it to the given continuous problem yields a discrete, bi-infinite nonlinear system of equations, which is shown to be solvable by a damped Richardson iteration method. We then successively introduce all building blocks for the numerical implementation of the iteration method. Here, we concentrate on the evaluation of the discrete nonlinearity, where we show that the previously developed auxiliary of tree-structured index sets can be generalized to the wavelet frame setting in a proper way. This allows an effective numerical treatment of the nonlinearity by so-called aggregated trees. Choosing the error tolerances appropriately, we show that our adaptive scheme is asymptotically optimal with respect to aggregated tree-structured index sets, i.e., it realizes the same convergence rate as the sequence of best N-term frame approximations of the solution respecting aggregated trees. Moreover, under the assumption of a sufficiently precise numerical quadrature method, the computational cost of our algorithm stays the same order as the number of wavelets used by it.
The theoretical results are widely confirmed by one- and two-dimensional test problems over non-trivial bounded domains.